Author Archives: Francis Hanson

The history of car batteries and how they changed over time

car battery types

A car battery is one of the essential parts of every vehicle. Although the technology of designing and manufacturing vehicles have significantly changed over the past decades, the car battery remains a crucial element in every car or truck.

Car batteries have not always looked the way they do now. In this article, we’ll bring you a brief but exciting history of car battery types, trying to describe how they changed over time.

Car battery: the origins

Since first cars were very limited in their structure and functions, they didn’t have any battery to provide the necessary power. Instead, they used a crank for igniting the engine.

The first cars that included a battery were built in the 1920s, and that’s the time when car batteries became the essential part of motor vehicles. Primary cells used to be refilled, and they were connected to an electric charger that provided the ignition to the car. As you may conclude, these batteries were very limited in their performance, since they needed to be continuously charged and maintained.

The voltage of the older car batteries was rather modest – only 6 volts. The interesting fact is that these first cells were positively grounded and directly connected to car’s Chassell. It was not until the 1970’s that this structure changed – that was the point when the batteries and the whole system became negatively grounded.

Types of batteries

The first batteries were made as early as 250 B.C., but they couldn’t be used in a vehicle since there were none of those at the time. However, the first batteries that were similar to today’s were invented in the 18th and improved further in the 19th century. Scientists like Alessandro Volta and Luigi Galvani were among the first ones that tested and experimented with batteries. Their efforts lead to inventing primary car battery, which was made of lead acid. This was a spectacular thing for the automotive industry since the vast majority of cells was made of lead acid.

In the 1970s, the first electric vehicles started to appear. Since they were running solely on the electricity, they needed a power station that will provide sufficient energy for the motor.

This requirement leads to the invention of lithium-ion batteries, which proved to be more efficient and durable for the modern electric cars.

However, the most popular type of batteries is still lead-acid batteries. Besides their popularity in the process of production of vehicles, lead-acid car batteries are among the most recycled items in the US.

In 1918, The Hudson Motor Car Company was the first automotive company on the market that started using standardized car batteries. The organization that sets the standards for batteries is Battery Council International.

Today’s batteries are running on 42 V, which is a standard established in the 1990s. The main reason for setting up one voltage range is the invention of hybrid vehicles, which required more power to run

The history of the Road to Hana in Maui

Maui is one of the most beautiful places to visit in Hawaii and the Road to Hana in Maui is one of the greatest attractions in Maui that is worth visiting. Travelers from all around the world come to visit this beautiful island every year. All the visitors that come to Maui are interested in visiting this beautiful road as there are plenty of beautiful places that they can see while traveling on this road.

When we take a look at the ancient history of Maui, we see that there were no specific roads in Maui to travel from one place to another and people used to travel from one beach to another to reach different villages. This was very time consuming as the people had to travel a lot to go from one place to another that’s why many people were not interested in visiting this beautiful island. Here you can see the history of the road to Hana.

In 14th century, the first road built in Maui by the order of the emperor of that time. The emperor wanted to travel on foot from one place to another, therefore, a proper path was designed for him so he may not face any difficulty while travelling on the road. This took a lot of time but the first road in Maui was finally created.

The trend of building roads for different villages started in 18th century when several roads were built near oahu zipline. And this is the time when Road to Hana was built and it also became very popular during this era as it was used as a center point for all the roads. Everybody that wanted to travel from village to another had to travel on the road to Hana because it was the only road that was used to connect all the other roads.

In the 19th century, the Maui became very popular because of its natural beauty and several other aspect and many people started traveling to this beautiful island to create some memories. The road to Hana always became popular with the popularity of Maui. Several developments were made to this road during the 19th century so the visitors may feel more comfortable while traveling on this road.

During the 1970s the road was formed into a highway to provide extreme comfort to the travelers. Since then this road is widely being used to travel to several parts of the Maui. And everybody that comes to visit Maui wants to travel on this road because of the extreme popularity that this road has gained over time. Click Here and take a look at the detailed history of the road to Hana.

The influence of traditional motorcycles on ATVs and other types of terrain vehicle

The ATV and traditional motorcycles are the two major industries of the automobiles and they both keep producing new and advanced things to dominate each other. The traditional motorcycle industry has grown surprisingly in the past few years while the ATV industry couldn’t grow equally. There are several effects that are caused to the ATV industry by the traditional motorcycles.

Both the industries are trying to produce the excellent quality products to beat each other in this endless race. When it comes to talking about the growth of these industries, it’s not only about the production of new and advanced vehicles but there are several other things that are taken into account. The ATVs and other similar vehicles are continuously being influenced by the constant growth of tradition motorcycles.

The manufacturers need to bring several attractive changes to these vehicles so their market can grow faster. Today, we’re going to take a look at the influences of traditional motorcycles on ATVs and other types of terrain vehicle.

Attractive looks

The traditional motorcycle manufacturers are bringing several changes to their vehicle to attract the audience. These changes have helped them grow their customers significantly. The ATVs and other types of terrain vehicle manufacturers have failed to bring any remarkable changes to their vehicles and they’re still using the old boring designs.

If they kept going like this, they’ll be left behind in the race and the traditional motorcycles will go away from their range.

Availability of spare parts

The availability of spare parts at affordable rates is one of the major factors that have helped traditional motorcycles achieve the higher rank. If you consider visiting the spare parts shops in your area, you’ll come to know that most of the shops do not have good quality ATV spare parts available in their storage while you can easily find the spare parts of traditional motorcycle from every spare parts shop.

The ATV manufacturers need to focus on this aspect and they should work hard to supply the high performance ATV parts to all the spare parts owners so that a customer may feel relaxed when buying an ATV.

Use of advanced equipment

The advancement is one of the most important elements in the automobiles. Traditional motorcycles manufacturers are constantly bringing advanced changes to their vehicles by using the high-quality advanced equipment while ATV and other terrain vehicle manufacturers are still using the old technologies and equipment to manufacture their vehicles.

Promoting products

The promotion of the products is extremely important when you’re in a challenging market. The traditional motorcycle manufacturers are taking advantage of the latest resources to promote their vehicles while ATV manufacturers aren’t using these resources properly. The ATV manufacturers need to think and act wisely if they want to win the race.

Best diet suggestions for racers

Being an excellent racer takes many years of training and perfection. To be able to perform at high levels, you need to keep track of your progress through weekly exercising and training plans.

One of the essential parts of a successful training program is proper nutrition. To be able to perform at your highest level, you need to eat healthily and take a sufficient amount of water. There are several types of diet plans, but not all of them suits the specific needs of the racers. Let’s take a look at the best diet suggestions designed to fulfill the nutrition needs of racers.

Low Carb Diet

One of the primary dieting rules is to take minimum amounts of carbohydrates to prevent gaining fats. Since carbohydrates give you only a temporary feeling of satisfaction, they’re not the best choice for a long-term performance like racing.

The fundamental element of low carb diet is reducing the intake of pasta, bread, and sugar. There’s no need to count the calories, as long as you control the daily intake of proteins, healthy fats and fibers.

Low carb intake will give you more energy to maximize your performance. You won’t feel sleepy as usual because the minimal amounts of carbs taken. On the other hand, your body will be in a better shape since proteins, and healthy fats will help in muscle building and durability.

More Muscles Diet

For super improved performance, racers should include more proteins in their dieting plan. Proteins are the fuel for the body, helping in increasing the energy level which gives you the right tools to make it through the race.

One of the most popular dieting plan designed for gaining more muscles is dieta de hipertrofia. Racers too recognized the benefits of the hypertrophia, bodybuilding technique that increases the mass and the volume of the muscles. The right combination of ingredients and training will make your muscles leaner and stronger.

Gluten-free Diet Plan

Some racers found challenging to maintain their performance levels in long races. The main reason for that is the gluten, which weakens the body. You might feel dizzy and sleepy in the middle of the race, which will affect your overall performance.

To prevent the feeling of weakness, many racers found the solution in gluten-free diet plans. The primary thing is to omit the ingredients that contain gluten, like bread or pasta. Since most of those products are made of white flour, the levels of gluten in them are incredibly high.

Tips for a Better Performance

Choosing the right dieting plan for you takes time. You need to know your body well to select the type of nutrition that will fit your needs.

Don’t take any dieting plan for granted. Follow the basic rules of what ingredients you should use and what to omit. Drink enough water during the day. Avoid sweets, chips, deep fried and spicy food during the day.

Taking a look at the nuts and bolts of a race car engine

When you think of a racing car, the first thing that comes to your mind is the powerful and noisy engines that are a common characteristic on all these speeding cars. What you don’t know is that most of these engines are modified. They’re nothing close to the usual engines of the ordinary cars. Let’s delve deeper and know more about these racing car engines.

The racing cars are upgraded at the auto body shops that perform various modifications, for example, they install new suspension, transmission systems, and aerodynamics. The reason why most racing cars are faster than the ordinary cars is because of the multiple Motorsport and fast road applications upgrades.

The cooling systems of these engines are also upgraded because of the immense heat that they produce. The exhaust systems of these cars are interconnected with the engine. The loud sound that the racing cars produce is because of the power and performance of the car. Needless to say, there’s a lot of nuts and bolts that go into an engine.  The racing cars, in particular, do not use mufflers because they add onto the weight of the vehicle and might make it slow. The engine is also turbocharged. What’s more, some of the racing car engines are modified to use airplane fuel that combust much quicker and makes the cars very fast.

When it comes to maintenance of the racing car engines, there are some common procedures that are always done, for instance tightening of nuts and bolts, regularly lubricating the engine parts using oils among others.

There are various types of racing car engines today, but the number is growing significantly with technological advancements such as hybrids and electronic cars. The difference comes in the engine horsepower and the layout too. For example, we have Straight, W Type, V Type, Rotary Diesel and Hybrid. Below is a detailed review of some of the engine layouts:

Straight; In this one, the inline engines have the cylinders arranged in a straight line one after the other. They are about five or six. It is a bit inferior regarding durability.
V type; This has two rows of a cylinder at a ninety-degree angle to each other. This layout offers rigidity, and the heavy crankshaft makes it stable. I the racing cars, the engine is put as low as possible to the floor to increase the car handling characteristics.
Rotary engine; This one uses rotors instead of pistons. It is relatively smaller, and for this reasons, it is not preferred for the racing cars. A workaround on this is to use turbocharging to increase its performance.

In conclusion, the various car racing engines have variances in some specific areas. It is thus vital that you know the limitations of each and how to get a workaround for them to ensure you get the best performance of your racing car.

Waterproof motorcycle gear every rider should have

these waterproof motorcycle gloves

A reliable garment is a substantial thing for every motorcycle rider, especially during the rain. However, many riders fail to make the difference between “water-resistant” and “waterproof” gear. A water-resistant garment can be an excellent choice for a wet ride, but when the rain starts to fall it gets soaked wet. It’s not designed to get wet for a prolonged period. Waterproof gear, on the other hand, aims to keep you dry and warm despite the rain. More importantly, it’s designed to maintain the moisture out.

How will you know if the gear is waterproof or not?

When buying a waterproof motorcycle gear, there aren’t reliable ways to know if it’s 100% waterproof or not until you try it. However, there are some tricks to help you determine whether the garment is waterproof as the manufacturer claim or not.these waterproof motorcycle gloves

The first thing you need to look is the price. The chances that a high-quality motorcycle garment will be inexpensive are slim – be prepared to spend a decent amount of cash on it.

The second thing is the quality of design. Although some gear wears the “lightweight” tag, any experienced bikers would know that it simply cannot be of a high-quality nor waterproof. Plus, if you want a garment that will last a long time and comes with amenities like high collars, better design, or materials, you should go for the higher price.

Here are some suggestions on the gear every biker should have


these waterproof motorcycle glovesThe gloves are the essential piece of equipment for every rider, especially during the rain. Not only they are designed to keep your hands protected from physical injuries, but also to keep them warm and dry. These waterproof motorcycle gloves, for example, will help you get a firmer grip on the handlebars, which will make your riding experience more secure and fun.


Your hands are not the only thing you have to keep dry and warm during the rain. With a high-quality pair of overboots, your feet will be protected from the water and moisture. On the other hand, they will preserve the life of your boots by keeping them out of the water.


A high-quality motorcycle jacket will give you a kind support during the rain. Not only it would be functional in keeping you dry, but it will also keep you warm on the inside. Some jackets are made of durable material that will prevent the moisture from getting inside the jacket. Don’t have to worry about the comfort – a nicely designed motorcycle jacket will still keep you free to move no matter how thick the material is.

these waterproof motorcycle gloves

Rain covers

Although they seem lightweight, rain covers are made of a heavy-duty material, which provides you with the highest level of protection. Plus, your grip will be better, with less chance to lose the control over the bike. Additionally, rain covers have an excellent grip on your jacket, too, which will minimize the chances of getting wet.

Why every car enthusiast should get a hoverboard

Since the introduction of the 1989 styled hoverboard, there has been a lot of people asking the question about what the next surprise will be.The reason is simple – as you get on your hoverboard and take off, the feeling that you are in control takes over your mind. hoverboard reviews

Even though a hoverboard can’t take you to the skies, it can still lift you one inch high above ground level. And that’s enough to make you feel excited. If you saw Back To The Future, you probably understand why they’re so fascinating.

Driving a hoverboard gives you the confidence – you feel like you practically can do anything. There isn’t that much excitement in other activities, except car driving. But, floating with hover give you the sense like you’re breaking the force of gravity.

Why do car lovers need to try out hovers?

Car lovers who like to control their steering and not be driven by someone else often believe that someday the world will get to experience a car flying in the air like a jet plane. The introduction of the hoverboard introduced them to their dream. Driving in the air has shown that car flying in the air is a possible attempt for manufacturers to venture into.

As some car enthusiasts will say, the feeling of controlling the car yourself, directing speed at your own pace and halting when necessary is “…just an absolute splendid atmosphere. It makes you feel like you are in charge of the whole process and movement”, which is the same feeling you get when driving a hoverboard. And we believe that this is the very reason why many car enthusiasts have a thing for hoverboards.

In the real sense, what a hoverboard can give car enthusiasts? Here are some experiences which they find similar to driving their car.

  • Control of the Hover

    Using a hoverboard allows you to move in a controlled way. You decide what you want to do and when you want to do it. You can halt at your own pace and move at your own pace. This is also the feeling a car gives you, the sense of being in control.

  • Speed

    Many car enthusiasts love speed while being in control. Hovers do not necessarily give you that kind of speed, but it makes you feel you can decide to run or exercise using it.

  • Colors

    This is one of the most-wanted features in a hoverboard. It is done to be sleek and beautiful. Every hoverboard you see is well-thought before designed.

  • Not confined

    This is one of my reasons why I love hovers. They give you the freedom to move your body without you feeling like you are confined in any manner. You can shake hands, talk to your friends just as though you are walking with them.

  • Saves time

    Okay, we all know hoverboards are not cars, but they are close especially with regards to saving time. Not to mention they’re lightweight and easy to carry – plus, you don’t have to worry about parking your hover!

There are different places you can get hoverboards. Click Here for Reviews of The Best Quality Hoverboards to buy.

Make Sure To Check These Before Buying A Classic Car 

Having a car is the desire of the common man. It is the up gradation of the status that an ordinary citizen has been longing for many years. But few people have the opportunity to have a car. This article is for those who have the capability to own a car. In this article, the primary focus is provided on the things that a man/woman must look who owns the car. Check your car with this diagnostic tool review to know everything related to the car. These kits you can download on your Smartphone or get from the open market stores.

For the people of a middle class, the car is the asset. This asset comes in the life of the common man after many hurdles, and this must be taken the best care of. Whenever you are going to the showroom make sure that you must believe the things that have been shown in the result of the car tools. To sell the vehicle, the salesman will tell you many things. But don’t run to the words. Make sure through the motor vehicle detecting tools that it is all right and safe to use. These tools are for the usefulness of the common man.

Many times it has been seen that the used cars are meant to sell just by changing the body parts and the machines. As a common man, it becomes difficult for you to understand. These tools if you have installed in the Smartphone will give you the authentic result. You have to take the photo of the car and then click on the option that whether this model old or new. If you have the device from the open market, then touch it in the machine and get the knowledge that whether the machine is new or has been put in the car with some alteration.

Another essential feature of the machines is that they will also tell you the rate of the car. Whenever you make you are going to have a car, you will get to see that many more options of EMI that companies are bringing in front of you. It is very common that you will get flummoxed. But this tool will help you to get the knowledge that what is the best EMI of the car and which companies are providing that. Get relief from the stress and do planning for the spaces.

It is necessary to know that the car that you are going to have the powers in break or not. It is also needed to know whether the steering is powered or not. These things came to your notice after you started the driving. But these essential things need to be known for having the car. The tools that have been made for the complete diagnosis of the car will give this vital information at the earliest so that you buy the right asset of your life.


These machines are not too expensive according to their performance. It is therefore wise to have these to check the car before having it.

Tips to keep your classic car looking like new

If you are a car lover or you own a classic car that you truly appreciate, then you will know that dealing with classic cars can really be time consuming and without patience it is difficult to get it right. However, the labors of love I really worth it. If you think about having a classic car, you also need to be considering the maintenance of the car before you get one.

Here are some of the tips you need to keep your classic car looking new.

You Need A Car Cover And A Garage Storage

When you purchase a car cover that has been specifically made to suite your classic car, you will soon realize its one of the best things you can do to prevent anything from happening to the paint of your car and its appearance. There are different types of car covers, however, you will just want to get the one that best suite your car. Keeping your car clear from debris and dust will go a long way in protecting you car and one of the ways to do this is to have a soft skin car cover that will not create any form of bruises.

Having a garage where you park your classic car is almost as important as covering it. Not only that it protect your car from different hands touching it or different things falling it. Also having a garage protects your car from being stolen by people who have been admiring your care from far. Beyond that, during a damp weather, your need to look for something to protect you sleek beautiful car, get a dehumidifiers right there in the garage. The idea behind humidifying the to prevent excess moisture from causing your classic car to rust.

Determine Your Car’s Finishing

Many cars that are build prior to the 1990’s have a single stage paint, its just a kind of paint which do not include clear coat over the car’s paint. It feels like the old paint style is just a set up for fading style. You should respray your car again to protect the original finished paint from damage.

When waxing, cleaning and polishing your classic car, you need to be aware of the finish work done on the car or else you might see the paint cleaning away. Be very aware of the kind of finish work that is done on your car paint to avoid the paint damage.

Remove Scratch

There are different opinions on what to use to remove a car scratch; some have suggested the use of toothpaste. I will rather suggest the use of a good scratch car remover such as these classic vehicle paint repair kits here. You might in the process of using something you are not very sure of cause more damage to your car, so it better to use what you know and you are sure of.

Before Waxing, Remove Contaminants and Oxidation before Waxing

The condition of your classic car will determine how you should clean it to remove all contaminant and treat any oxidation that could or has occurred. Check your car out if it appears shiny, but rough, then you need to polish it. And if the paint is dull in the eyes then you need to go buffer it.

From mineral to synthetic oiled cars: which one is a better choice and why

If you ever went to the mechanics, you’d probably had a chance to hear a question on the oil you’re using. A good mechanic usually asks these types of the problem simply because of one thing: there are some distinctions between mineral and synthetic oils. And your mechanic wants to know whether you’re treating your car properly by adding the right type of oil.synthetic modern oil

Which oil should you use

Drivers get confused by the differentiation of the motor oils they hear about. Although there is no any significant difference between mineral and synthetic oils, except for the way which was manufactured, drivers still want to know what type of oil they should use for their cars. So, let’s take a look at these oils a bit closer.

Mineral oil is an oil that’s derived directly from petroleum crude. There are several types of mineral or “dyno” oils, as they are sometimes referred to. The distinction between hydrotreated, solvent refined, and hydrocracked oil is in the viscosity index and saturation level. For example, hydrocracked and hydrotreated oils have similar characteristics, with saturation level greater than 90%. But they differ in the viscosity index: hydrotreated oils have a viscosity index spanned from 80 to 120, while hydrocracked motor oils have a viscosity index greater than 120.

where does a synthetic oil come fromAnd how about where modern synthetic oils com from? Well, it’s a motor oil that’s crafted in the laboratory, or derived from natural gas (which is a form of mineral oil). Basically, synthetic or “full synthetic oils” are designed by a man in the laboratory, and in most cases doesn’t rely on a natural oil source.

Which oil gives a better performance

Now that you know two basic types of oil, the logical thing is to answer the performance question. Which oil is a better choice for your car? Although mineral oils have their advantages, the best option is a synthetic oil. The reason is simple: synthetic motor oils are designed to make your car performance over the top. This is because modern synthetic oils are designed to give your vehicle motor a long engine life. On top of that, a synthetic motor oil will make sure your engine is using the fuel economically, with the right emission requirements.

where does a synthetic oil come from

Synthetic oils are something that’s required for most modern vehicles, especially those manufactured after 2000. They provide some outstanding qualities to a motor, which is why they’re a better choice for drivers. For instance, if you’re living in an area with rough colds during the winter, you should use synthetic oil because of its cold-weather starting. On the other hand, if your motor gets hot pretty fast and runs at high temperature, that’s also the reason to switch to the synthetic oil.

Is there any difference between synthetic oils on the market

So, we made it clear: use synthetic oil for your car if you want to give your engine an excellent performance and a good life. But know you’re wondering, which synthetic oil to use. There are three basic types of synthetic oils, and they are classified as group IV base oils, group V base oils, and petroleum base oils (which is a kind of group V base oils).